Phoenix Neurological Associates

Phoenix Neurological Associates

Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms | Causes of Parkinson’s Disease | Parkinson’s Disease Treatment | Parkinson’s Disease Cure

Parkinson’s Disease is a progressive disorder that is caused by degeneration of nerve cells in the part of the brain called the substantia nigra, which controls movement. These nerve cells die or become impaired, losing the ability to produce an important chemical called dopamine.

Parkinson’s Disease Symptoms

Parkinson’s produces many common symptoms, including: tremor; muscle rigidity or stiffness of the limbs; gradual loss of spontaneous movement, often leading to decreased mental skill or reaction time, voice changes, or decreased facial expression; gradual loss of automatic movement, often leading to decreased blinking, decreased frequency of swallowing, and drooling; a stooped, flexed posture, with bending at the elbows, knees and hips; an unsteady walk or balance; and depression or dementia

Parkinson’s Disease Cause

Why Parkinson’s disease occurs and how the neurons become impaired is not known. However, there is increasing evidence that Parkinson’s disease may be inherited (passed on genetically from family members).

There is considerable controversy surrounding the possibility of a genetic cause of Parkinson’s disease. In a small number of families, specific genetic abnormalities leading to the illness have been identified. However, the vast majority of people with Parkinson’s disease do not have one of these identified genetic abnormalities. It is probable that in people who develop Parkinson’s disease early in life (young-onset Parkinson’s disease) there is a genetic component. Because we don’t understand very much at this point about how Parkinson’s disease is inherited, the implications for children of people with Parkinson’s disease are unclear.

There is also some evidence that certain toxins in the environment may cause Parkinson’s disease. Scientists have suggested that external or internal toxins may selectively destroy the dopaminergic neurons, causing Parkinson’s disease.

Also, it is believed that oxidative stress can cause Parkinson’s disease. Oxidation is a process in which free radicals (unstable molecules lacking one electron), in an attempt to replace the missing electron, react with other molecules (such as iron). Free radicals are normally formed in the brain and body, but usually the brain and body have mechanisms to get rid of free radicals. In people with Parkinson’s disease, the mechanisms may not be effective or they may produce too many free radicals. It is also possible that environmental toxins may contribute to abnormal free radical formation and lead to Parkinson’s disease. Oxidation is thought to cause damage to tissues, including neurons. In most cases, antioxidants protect cells from free radical damage.

Parkinson’s Disease Treatment

Most Parkinson’s patients are treated with medications to relieve the symptoms of the disease. Some common medications used are dopamine precursors, dopamine agonists, and anticholinergics. Surgery is considered when medications have proven ineffective. DBS of the subthalamic nucleus or globus pallidus can be effective in treating all of the primary motor features of Parkinson’s and sometimes allows for significant decreases in medication doses. Thalamotomy can help stop tremor by placing a small lesion in a specific nucleus of the thalamus.

Parkinson’s Disease Cure

Unfortunately as there is no known cause for the disease we do not have a cure yet.

Footer

Notice Of Non-Descrimination

Notice of Non-Discrimination


Phoenix Neurological Associates complies with applicable Federal civil rights laws and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex. Phoenix Neurological Institute does not exclude people or treat them differently because of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex. Phoenix Neurological Associates:
  • Provides free aids and services to people with disabilities to communicate effectively with us, such as:
    • Qualified sign language interpreters
    • Written information in other formats (large print, audio, accessible electronic formats, other formats)
  • Provides free language services to people whose primary language is not English, such as:
    • Qualified interpreters Information written in other languages
If you need these services, contact Robert Chiffelle, COO. If you believe that Phoenix Neurological Associates has failed to provide these services or discriminated in another way on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex, you can file a grievance with: Robert Chiffelle, COO, 5090 N. 40 St., Suite 250, Phoenix, Az. 85018, Telephone number 602-258-3354, Fax 602-258-3368, Rchiffelle@pnal.net. You can file a grievance in person or by mail, fax, or email. If you need help filing a grievance, Robert Chiffelle, COO is available to help you. You can also file a civil rights complaint with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights, electronically through the Office for Civil Rights Complaint Portal, available at https://ocrportal.hhs.gov/ocr/portal/lobby.jsf, or by mail or phone at:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 200 Independence Avenue, SW Room 509F, HHH Building Washington, D.C. 20201 1-800-368-1019, 800-537-7697 (TDD)

Complaint forms are available at http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/office/file/index.html

Anuncio de No Discrimina

Phoenix Neurological Associates cumple con las leyes federales de derechos civiles aplicables y no discrimina por motivos de raza, color, nacionalidad, edad, discapacidad o sexo. [Name of covered entity] no excluye a las personas ni las trata de forma diferente debido a su origen étnico, color, nacionalidad, edad, discapacidad o sexo. Phoenix Neurological Associates:
  • Proporciona asistencia y servicios gratuitos a las personas con discapacidades para que se comuniquen de manera eficaz con nosotros, como los siguientes:
    • Intérpretes de lenguaje de señas capacitados.
    • Información escrita en otros formatos (letra grande, audio, formatos electrónicos accesibles, otros formatos).
  • Proporciona servicios lingüísticos gratuitos a personas cuya lengua materna no es el inglés, como los siguientes:
    • Intérpretes capacitados.
    • Información escrita en otros idiomas.
Si necesita recibir estos servicios, comuníquese con Robert L. Chiffelle, COO. Si considera que Phoenix Neurological Associates no le proporcionó estos servicios o lo discriminó de otra manera por motivos de origen étnico, color, nacionalidad, edad, discapacidad o sexo, puede presentar un reclamo a la siguiente persona: Robert Chiffelle, COO, 5090 N. 40 St., Suite 250, Phoenix, Az. 85018, Telephone number 602-258-3354, Fax 602-258-3368, Rchiffelle@pnal.net. Puede presentar el reclamo en persona o por correo postal, fax o correo electrónico. Si necesita ayuda para hacerlo, Robert L. Chiffelle, COO está a su disposición para brindársela. También puede presentar un reclamo de derechos civiles ante la Office por Civil Rights (Oficina de Derechos Civiles) del Department of Health and Human Services (Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos) de EE. UU. de manera electrónica a través de Office for Civil Rights Complaint Portal, disponible en https://ocrportal.hhs.gov/ocr/portal/lobby.jsf, o bien, por correo postal a la siguiente dirección o por teléfono a los números que figuran a continuación:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 200 Independence Avenue, SW Room 509F, HHH Building Washington, D.C. 20201 1-800-368-1019, 800-537-7697 (TDD)

Puede obtener los formularios de reclamo en el sitio web http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/office/file/index.html.

©2017 Phoenix Neurology Associates. All rights reserved. | Powered By: Medical Marketing 360®

Powered by Top Rated Local®

uxicached